Offshore renewables: an action agenda for deployment

Transforming the energy sector requires a shift towards renewable energy sources. The world’s oceans are a source of abundant renewable energy, which can be tapped through offshore wind (with fixed and floating foundations, or airborne), floating solar photovoltaics (PV) and other emerging ocean energy technologies. The report includes 50 concrete actions that G20 countries may consider while defining their national strategies for offshore renewables. Suggested actions include strengthening an oceans governance according to the UN Law of the Sea, the proper integration of offshore renewables in national Marine Spatial Planning, and the provision of public revenue support and early planning for the needed infrastructure (e.g. underwater cables and grid connections).