Indicators and modelling of land use, land management and ecosystem services
This report provides the technical description of seven models on ecosystem services on a European scale. The ecosystem services included are carbon sequestration, erosion prevention, flood regulation, pollination, pest control, recreation and wild food provisioning. Those models can be used for analysing future developments in the delivery of ecosystem services. In addition, the report provides information on the CLUE-scanner and land management modelling. All models were used in the scenario analysis included in PBL’s Nature Outlook. This work was carried out in close collaboration with the VU University Amsterdam and Wageningen University and Research.