Hepatitis

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    <p>Many animal rights activists consider that all research carried out with animals is indefensible. This would apply especially to research with chimpanzees. I assume that chimpanzees are the closest

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    organic reservoir: Spreading an ultra-thin layer of organic molecules on the surface of reservoirs could prevent millions of cubic metres of water evaporating each year, according to Flexible

  • Virus attack

    Virus attack

    A new study says that infectious viruses increase the risk of heart attacks

  • Cheaper vaccine to check hepatitis B

    Cheaper vaccine to check hepatitis B

    WHO's immunisation programme is expected to receive a tremendous boost thanks to the low cost vaccine developed through genetic engineering

  • Simplifying detection

    DETECTING the deadly hepatitiS-B virus will now be easier, thanks to a new technique developed at the Delhi-based International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Instead of the

  • Report increases hepatitis C exposure cases to 8,896

    Opening the door to further claims for compensation by hepatitis C sufferers, the health ministry released a report Friday upping the number of people administered tainted fibrinogen blood-clotting agents in Japan to 8,896. However, it is not known how many of them have suffered liver disease as a result. Of the 8,896, only 3,632, or about 40 percent, have been told by medical organizations that they were given the contaminated fibrinogen blood products to stop bleeding, mainly during delivery, ministry officials said. The Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry worked out the figure in a nationwide survey on about 6,600 medical institutions to which the fibrinogen blood products were supplied. Of the medical institutions, 1,622 have kept medical records, operative notes or prescription documents that could help hepatitis C sufferers seek benefits from the government and drugmakers. This represented an increase of some 1,100 from the ministry's previous survey in 2004. This may lead to an increase in the number of people who can seek compensation from the government. Health minister Yoichi Masuzoe on Friday criticized the ministry's 2004 survey, saying the checks should have been more thorough. Earlier, hepatitis C sufferers who filed damages suits against the government and drugmakers estimated that only up to 1,000 people could prove they had been administered tainted blood products, based on the 2004 survey. Hepatitis C sufferers had earlier reached a compromise agreement with the government to end their court battle under a new law that provides blanket relief measures for the sufferers. The accord calls for providing benefits to sufferers who can prove they received contaminated blood products if the causal relationship between their hepatitis C and the products are confirmed. Under the law, sufferers will receive compensation ranging from

  • Poor sanitation in schools cause spread of Hepatitis

    The Colombo Municipal Council (CMC) Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Pradeep Kariyawasam said yesterday the poor conditions of Colombo schools have contributed to the current outbreak of Hepatitis in the city. Dr. Kariyawasam said most of the small schools in the city lack basic sanitation facilities and the toilets were in very poor condition and lacked water supply. Some schools were found without proper drinking water facilities according to him. Schools have been subjected to inspection as it was found that the majority of the infected persons during the past two months were of school attending age. Accordingly there had been 39 cases of Hepatitis and all of them were reported to be school children. Dr. Kariyawasam explained the outbreak was reaching its peak level but was confident that it would be under control in a few weeks time. The CMC has carried out intensive house to house inspections and education programmes to prevent further spread of the disease. Thousands of leaflets have been distributed among the residents in Modera, Mahawatte, Mattakkuliya and Bloemendhal areas. Water samples were taken from the main lines and checked for germs and all were found to be negative. Dr. Kariyawasam explained the CMC has planned to carry out disinfection programmes in schools from today. All water supply points would undergo chlorination. "However, there has to be a long term plan to build proper toilet facilities and provide adequate water supply to these schools which are attended by children of marginalised families/communities in the city,' he said .

  • Suits planned over vaccine-induced hepatitis B

    SAPPORO (Kyodo) Hundreds of people who contracted hepatitis B in their childhood through mandatory vaccinations will file a series of damages suits against the government starting next month, according to a group of lawyers. The move comes after the Diet moved to enact relief measures in January for people who contracted hepatitis C from tainted blood products and fought their cases against the government in court. Lawsuits will be filed at a total of 11 district courts across Japan. The lawyers' group said after a meeting Saturday in Sapporo that the government has failed to present concrete measures to redress other patients following a Supreme Court ruling in 2006 ordering it to compensate five hepatitis B victims. In that ruling, the top court recognized causal links between the plaintiffs' inoculations and infections. It also found the government responsible for physicians using the same hypodermic needles repeatedly when giving group vaccinations at public health centers. Vaccinations against several diseases had been mandated by the government prior to 1994 but are now only recommended, following a number of lawsuits involving side effects from inoculations. The first group of about 20 patients, who are believed to have contracted hepatitis B from group vaccinations because transmission of the virus from their mothers was unlikely, will go to the Sapporo District Court on March 28. They are seeking compensation of

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